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History of Lace

It has been said that the word LACE derives from the Latin word, LAQUEUE. LAQUEUE means trap or loop rope. Could it be because that the lace has the shape that resembles the nets that are used in fishing and hunting?

If you go back the history of lace, you will reach the era where hunting was common manner in anchient times. During middle age, hand crafting was popular, there was even a time where only kings and nobleman were allowed to use this material. From the end of the 14th century to the beginning of the 16th, the white yarn on white fabric embroideries evolved in many styles. At the beginning of the 16th century, the embroidery lace on linen fabric was getting popularity with more effect of transparency.

The true lace was born around 1540. Since then this type of lace developed in Flandre in Belgium, Venice in Italy, Alenson and Chantilly in France. After the turning point of industry revolution, the machinery for lace also developed. Knitting machines, and bobbin lace (torchon lace) machines were invented and in 1813, the original leavers' lace machine was invented by John Leavers. The embroidery lace machines were invented merely 20 years after.

Machine lace industry in Japan developed at the end of the Taisho era. The shift from Kimono to Western clothing, especially the changes occurred after the WWII, accelrated the demands for lace. Now Japan has become one of the lace industry countries. Meanwhile, the import and export of lace have increased over the years involving international trading of embroidery lace, export of raschel lace, import of leavers' lace.

Source: Lace World: Lace no Sekai

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